Bosnia Country Information
Bosnia and Herzegovina Travel Information
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina) is a country located in southeastern Europe. It shares borders with Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia and is completely landlocked except for a short coast on the Adriatic Sea near the town of Neum. The country is subdivided into two governing entities, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. Additionally, the Brčko District (based around the town of Brčko) is a neutral self-governing unit which is formally part of both governing entities.
As of 2009, the population of the country was estimated as 4,613,414. The capital and largest city of the country was is Sarajevo which has a population of over 300,000, and more than than 100,000 additional people living in the city's metropolitan area. Other important towns and cities in the country include Banja Luka, Bihać, Bijeljina, Brčko, Doboj, Mostar, Prijedor, Tuzla, and Zenica.
Bosnia was devasted by war between 1992 and 1995. The precise number of casualties in the war will probabl never been known, but it has been stated by the Bosnian government that 200,000 people were killed, and more than 2 million people were forced to flee their homes.
Today Bosnia faces a number of challenges, including completing the transition from the Communist-era economy, reconstruction after the war (which caused GDP to fall by 75%), and fighting corruption. GDP has however been growing in recent years (with the exception of 2009), no doubt help by the introduction of a new currency in 1998, the konvertibilna marka, which is pegged to the euro.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Country Details
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