Bosnia Country Information

 
 
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Bosnia and Herzegovina Travel Information


Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina) is a country located in southeastern Europe. It shares borders with Croatia, Montenegro, and Serbia and is completely landlocked except for a short coast on the Adriatic Sea near the town of Neum. The country is subdivided into two governing entities, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. Additionally, the Brčko District (based around the town of Brčko) is a neutral self-governing unit which is formally part of both governing entities.

As of 2009, the population of the country was estimated as 4,613,414. The capital and largest city of the country was is Sarajevo which has a population of over 300,000, and more than than 100,000 additional people living in the city's metropolitan area. Other important towns and cities in the country include Banja Luka, Bihać, Bijeljina, Brčko, Doboj, Mostar, Prijedor, Tuzla, and Zenica.

Bosnia was devasted by war between 1992 and 1995. The precise number of casualties in the war will probabl never been known, but it has been stated by the Bosnian government that 200,000 people were killed, and more than 2 million people were forced to flee their homes.

Today Bosnia faces a number of challenges, including completing the transition from the Communist-era economy, reconstruction after the war (which caused GDP to fall by 75%), and fighting corruption. GDP has however been growing in recent years (with the exception of 2009), no doubt help by the introduction of a new currency in 1998, the konvertibilna marka, which is pegged to the euro.

Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina Country Details


Country Name Bosnia

Also Known As

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Political Status Country
Geographic Location Southeastern Europe
Principal Languages
  • Bosnian
  • Croatian
  • Serbian
  • Capital Sarajevo
    Major Towns/Cities
  • Banja Luka
  • Bihać
  • Bijeljina
  • Brčko
  • Doboj
  • Mostar
  • Prijedor
  • Sarajevo (Capital)
  • Tuzla
  • Zenica


  • Web Sites about Bosnia and Herzegovina


    Kozara Mountains, Bosnia and Herzegovina
    Here are some other web sites about Bosnia::

    Visegrad Bridge, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Books about Bosnia and Herzegovina


    Here are some books about travel to Bosnia:

    Disclosure: Products details and descriptions provided by Amazon.com. Our company may receive a payment if you purchase products from them after following a link from this website.

    Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bradt Travel Guides)
    By Tim Clancy

    Bradt Travel Guides
    Paperback (360 pages)

    Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bradt Travel Guides)
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    Product Description:
    From an expert author who has lived and worked in the region for over two decades, Bradt's Bosnia and Herzegovina is the most comprehensive English-language guidebook available to the mountainous heart of the Western Balkans. It covers the country's diverse Mediterranean landscapes, from the southern Herzegovina cities of Mostar and Trebinje to the lush and green Alpine regions of Sarajevo and Banja Luka, plus second-to-none coverage of the capital city Sarajevo. Now in its fifth edition, not only does the guide feature smaller towns and villages off the beaten track, but it also goes into greater depth than its competitors, with more detail on the history, culture and sights, and more opinionated and entertaining reviews of hotels and restaurants. For this new updated edition, the Sarajevo chapter has been fully overhauled with brand new mapping, and a complete run-down of all of the Herzegovina wineries has been included. There is also new coverage on the Via Dinarica regional mega trail that carves its way through the heart of Bosnia and Herzegovina's Dinaric Alps and is chock full of activities and adventure for families and pros alike. New maps for the country's national parksSutjeska and Una national parks are included, plus walking routes that you'll find in no other booknew town plans of Višegrad and Trebinje. All the regional maps have been completely overhauled. Also included are details of rural accommodation and farm stays within reach of some of the major hubs, plus an expanded chapter on Mostar and Trebinje. Two decades after the conflict that ravaged the region, Bosnia and Herzegovina has emerged as a unique, dynamic tourism destination. Whether you go in search of bears in the primeval Sutjeska National Park, wander the winding streets of Sarajevo's Turkish quarter or put your feet up in Mostar with a glass of chilled ilavka, you are guaranteed to be charmed by the country's rich natural and cultural heritage.




    Bosnia & Herzegovina, 4th (Bradt Travel Guide)
    By Tim Clancy

    imusti
    Paperback (288 pages)

    Bosnia & Herzegovina, 4th (Bradt Travel Guide)
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    • Bradt Travel Guides
    Product Description:

    A new edition of the only comprehensive English language guide to Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina has emerged from the ashes of war to become one of the most exotic destinations of southeast Europe, an ancient crossroads where east meets west. The updated guide takes you through mountains, thick forests, deep river canyons, medieval villages and cities. It has something for everyone, from mountain biking, rafting and world class hiking to festivals, pilgrimages and a cosmopolitan café culture.

    Bosnia and Herzegovina in Your Hands: All You Need to Explore Bosnia and Herzegovina ('In Your Hands' Travel Guide)
    By Jorg Heeskens

    CORDEE LTD
    Paperback

    Bosnia and Herzegovina in Your Hands: All You Need to Explore Bosnia and Herzegovina ( In Your Hands  Travel Guide)
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    • CORDEE LTD
    Product Description:
    This is the first edition of the Komshe travel guidebook to Bosnia and Herzegovina, written and published by travel specialists from South Eastern Europe. The guide is divided into sections based on 5 regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina (including the capital, Sarajevo), and covering over 100 tourist destinations. The book includes regional and town maps, accommodation tips as well as other practical information. With this guide you can embark upon a journey of discovery through Bosnia and Herzegovina's history, culture, landscapes and cuisine while gaining an understanding of customs, manners and more! Other information and useful facts includes: visa info, health and security, transport, currency, adventure holidays, hiking and mountaineering, winter sports and other important tips for travellers. There are hundreds of colour photos showing you what to expect or to inspire you to go. Of special note are places rarely visited by most tourists - ancient castles, monasteries, national parks and relics of the many civilizations that have crossed or settled in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The guide includes insider recommendations for food, drink, festivals and nightlife. Jörg Heeskens has been living and working across the former Yugoslavia for many years and Bosnia and Herzegovina in Your Hands is the product of his long-standing professional, academic and personal engagement with the country.
    Bosnia & Herzegovina - Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs & Culture
    By Elizabeth Hammond

    Brand: Kuperard
    Released: 2009-08-04
    Paperback (168 pages)

    Bosnia & Herzegovina - Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs & Culture
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    Product Description:
    Culture Smart! provides essential information on attitudes, beliefs and behavior in different countries, ensuring that you arrive at your destination aware of basic manners, common courtesies, and sensitive issues. These concise guides tell you what to expect, how to behave, and how to establish a rapport with your hosts. This inside knowledge will enable you to steer clear of embarrassing gaffes and mistakes, feel confident in unfamiliar situations, and develop trust, friendships, and successful business relationships. Culture Smart! offers illuminating insights into the culture and society of a particular country. It will help you to turn your visit-whether on business or for pleasure-into a memorable and enriching experience. Contents include: * customs, values, and traditions * historical, religious, and political background * life at home * leisure, social, and cultural life * eating and drinking * dos, don'ts, and taboos * business practices * communication, spoken and unspoken
    Via Dinarica: White Trail in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bradt Travel Guide)
    Bradt Travel Guides
    Paperback (176 pages)

    Via Dinarica: White Trail in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bradt Travel Guide)
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    Product Description:
    This is the first detailed guide to the Bosnian part of the new Via Dinarica hiking trail that carves its way through the Dinaric Alps, one of Europe's least explored mountain ranges and last true wilderness frontiers, connecting the seven nations of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo, and Albania. In total, this trail system will span over 1,350km, 333km of which is in Bosnia Herzegovina.
    The Via Dinarica consists of three routes – White, Green and Blue – and this guide focuses primarily on the White Trail through Bosnia and Herzegovina, following the natural flow of the highest peaks of the Dinaric Alps. Detailed descriptions of each of the 12 stages of the White Trail through Bosnia and Herzegovina are included, along with maps, altitude charts and helpful tips, as well as recommendations for waypoint visits and nearby highlights. Also included are an overview of the flora and fauna of the region, details of accommodation for each step of the way, and information on local public transport, culture, food and language.
    The natural and cultural wonders of the Dinaric Alps are the best-kept secret of the Balkans, a region with some of the wildest, most impressive natural beauty in the world. All of the countries along the Via Dinarica boast beautiful mountains, alpine lakes, karst caves, forest preserves and pristine rivers that have forged extraordinary canyons and gorges. Here, there is also an abundance of enduring mountain communities that maintain their traditional ways of life and sustainable reliance on the land.
    Although the Via Dinarica is primarily a hiking trail, there are opportunities for many different outdoor adventure sports along the way, such as rafting, skiing, mountain biking, rock climbing, canyoning, caving, etc. The Via Dinarica White Trail in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 333km long, takes an estimated 125 hours to complete, climbs the highest, often snow-capped mountains of the Dinaric Alps, and passes through or near over 5 national parks and many nature preserves, as well as one of the two remaining European rainforests, the Perucica primeval forest. With this handy, portably guide, you can discover it all.

    Michelin Slovenia Croatia Bosnia-Herzegovina Yugoslavia Former Yug. of Macedonia Map 736 (Maps/Country (Michelin))
    By Michelin

    Michelin
    Map (1 pages)

    Michelin Slovenia Croatia Bosnia-Herzegovina Yugoslavia Former Yug. of Macedonia Map 736 (Maps/Country (Michelin))
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    Product Description:

    Renowned for over 100 years for their clear, accurate and easy-to-read mapping, Michelin country maps give travelers an overall picture of their route, with practical road and travel information; and city maps containing extensive street indexes orient them quickly so they can find their way to their destination.


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