Afghanistan Country Information

 
 
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Afghanistan Travel Information


Afghanistan (the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan) is a landlocked country in southern Asia. It shares land borders with Iran, Pakistan, the People's Republic of China, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.

As of 2009. the population of Afghanistan was estimated to be 28,150,000. Approximately 3 million people live in the country's capital, and largest city, Kabul. Kabul is thought to be one of the oldest capital cities in the world, and is believed to have been first established sometime between 2000 BC and 1500 BC. Apart Kabul, Afghanistan contains 13 other cities with populations over 100,000, the largest of which is Kandahar, which has a population of about 450,000.

Map of Afghanistan

After a prolonged period of unrest in the 1970s, Afghanistan has been almost continuously involved in civil war or foreign occupation:
  • The USSR invaded the country in 1979, and remained there until 1989. During this period, the US backed the Afghanistan resistance movement, known as the Mujahideen.

  • The Soviet backed Communist regime remained in power until 1992, until it was eventually overthrown by the Mujahideen.

  • Civil war then broke out been various Mujahideen factions, this fighting peaking in 1994.

  • The Taliban then began to develop. Eventually they took control of Kabul in 1996, and subsequently most of the country.

  • Following the 9/11 attacks on the United States, in 2001, a coalition led by the US and Britain began bombing the Taliban, and backed the Northern Alliance in the Afghan civil war. This eventually led to the overthrow of the Taliban regime, and the establishment of a new Afghan government. However, Taliban resistance to both the Afghan government and coalition forces continues to this day.

Afghanistan Country Details


Country Name Afghanistan
Political Status Country
Geographic Location Central Asia
Principal Language Pashto
Capital Kabul


Web Sites about Afghanistan


Shrine of Hazrat Ali in Mazir-e-Sharif, Afghanistan
Here are some other web sites about Afghanistan::

Blue Mosque in Mazir-e-Sharif, Afghanistan

Books about Afghanistan


Here are some books about travel to Afghanistan:

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Lonely Planet Afghanistan (Country Travel Guide)
By Paul Clammer

Lonely Planet
Paperback (244 pages)

Lonely Planet Afghanistan (Country Travel Guide)
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Product Description:
Discover Afghanistan

Blink as you emerge from the cliffs at the top of one of Bamiyan's enormous Buddha niches.
Stop pedalling for a moment and drift in your swan-shaped pedalo on the waters of Band-e Amir.
Utter a great smoking sigh of contentment as you puff on a sheesha at Mirwais Shandaiz.

In This Guide:

Chapters on working and safety in Afghanistan, with advice from resident expats.
Specialist contributors write on journalism, women, and trekking in the Wakhan and the Afghan Pamir.
Lonely Planet founder Tony Wheeler reflects on travel to Afghanistan over the decades.
Kabul (Afghanistan) - Wink Travel Guide
By Wink Travel Guide

Independently published
Paperback (25 pages)

Kabul (Afghanistan) - Wink Travel Guide
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For a few years, Kabul has been going through a period of reconstruction and development, with some modern style tower blocks and a handful of glitzy shopping malls appearing over the last few years.

Most of the major roads have been paved and improved, government building have been extensively renovated, new hotels and shopping malls have opened, the zoo and many museums have reopened, and utilities have been extensively reconstructed.

Kabul is a very historic city of the region that was built almost 4000 years ago. People here are famous in hospitality.

Wink Travel Guides introduce you to the best world travel destinations, in a clear and concise way, illustrated by photos.

Afghanistan 1:1,000,000 Travel Map (International Travel Maps)
By ITM Canada

ITMB Publishing Ltd
Map (2 pages)

Afghanistan 1:1,000,000 Travel Map (International Travel Maps)
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Double sided map, scale 1:1,000,000, with inset street maps of central Kabul and Kandahar. Includes a comprehensive place name index. It is a bit difficult to credit Afghanistan having touristic potential at the moment, but it is an extremely important country right now, and that justifies a very good map of the country. This is our third edition of this country and each one keeps getting better. We can t justify sending a researcher into a combat zone to gather data, but we are thankful to those aid workers and soldiers who have added to our information base and helped make this map more useful. In this edition, we are showing some new roads, reflecting the reality that the country is succeeding in improving its infrastructure in spite of a very tense political situation. We have also placed more focus on the borderlands with Pakistan as that country has been immersed in the Afghan conflict. This edition is dedicated to the Canadian forces, both military, police, and civilian, who are trying so hard to bring peace and stability to southern Afghanistan and who have suffered more than 100 casualties to date. This is not to minimize the enormous contributions being made by many tens of thousands of men and women of other nations, or their equally heavy losses, but as a Canadian, I feel closer to our own. The map also shows a good inset map of Kabul and a recent cover picture taken by one of our helpers.
Afghanistan - Wink Travel Guide
By Wink Travel Guide

Independently published
Paperback (25 pages)

Afghanistan - Wink Travel Guide
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Afghanistan is a landlocked and mountainous country in the heart of Asia. This is a land full of mystical attractions, telling tales of ancient times and offering beautiful Islamic architecture, medieval city quarters and unexpectedly stunning nature.

Several sites are listed on UNESCO's World Heritage List. Most famous of course, were the ancient Buddhist sculptures of Bamiyan.

The Band-e Amir National Park, with its six interlinked lakes, is perhaps the finest natural attraction. Excellent mosques are to be found all around, with particularly grand examples in Mazar-i-Sharif and in the rapidly developing Herat.

Wink Travel Guides introduce you to the best world travel destinations, in a clear and concise way, illustrated by photos.

National Geographic: Afghanistan, Pakistan Wall Map (21.5 x 32.5 inches) (National Geographic Reference Map)
By National Geographic Maps - Reference

National Geographic Maps
Map (1 pages)

National Geographic: Afghanistan, Pakistan Wall Map (21.5 x 32.5 inches) (National Geographic Reference Map)
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National Geographic's map of Afghanistan and Pakistan is the most accurate and detailed reference map available for the region, covering these two countries as well as Tajikistan and parts of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China, India and Iran. This Classic style wall map uses a bright and vibrant color palette and precise shaded relief, making it as attractive as it is educational. Accurate political boundaries are displayed on the map, including in the disputed area of Kashmir. Pinpointed are thousands of cities and towns, mountain ranges, national parks, glaciers, swamps, areas of sand, oil fields, highways and other roads, international and domestic airports, canals, railroads and waterways, including intermittent and dry salt lakes.

The map is packaged in a two inch diamater clear plastic tube. The tube has a decorative label showing a thumbnail of the map with dimensions and other pertinent information.

  • Map Scale = 1:3,363,000
  • Sheet Size = 21.5" x 32.5"

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